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Vehicle & Traffic Law
OBEDIENCE TO AND EFFECT OF TRAFFIC LAWS
Section 1100. Provisions of title refer to vehicles upon highways;
1101. Required obedience to traffic laws.
1102. Obedience to police officers and flagpersons.
1103. Public officers and employees to obey title; exceptions.
1104. Authorized emergency vehicles.
1105. Traffic laws apply to persons riding animals or driving
S 1100. Provisions of title refer to vehicles upon highways;
exceptions. (a) The provisions of this title apply upon public highways,
private roads open to public motor vehicle traffic and any other parking
lot, except where a different place is specifically referred to in a
(b) The provisions of this title relating to obedience to stop signs,
flashing signals, yield signs, traffic-control signals and other
traffic-control devices, and to one-way, stopping, standing, parking and
turning regulations shall apply to a parking lot only when the
legislative body of any city, village or town has adopted a local law,
ordinance, rule or regulation ordering such signs, signals, devices, or
(c) Notwithstanding the provisions of subdivision (b) of this section,
the provisions of subparagraph e of paragraph two of subdivision (a) of
section twelve hundred two and section twelve hundred three-c of this
chapter shall also apply to any area which has been designated as a
place for parking for handicapped persons pursuant to such section.
(d) The provisions of this title shall apply upon roadways, streets,
and highways located within the boundaries of any federal military
installations over which the federal government has proprietary
jurisdiction if written request therefor is made by the commanding
officer of such installation of the chief executive officer or officers
of the political subdivision or subdivisions in which such installation
is located and if the commanding officer of such installation shall post
at the gates of such installation a notice informing all motorists
entering such installation of such enforcement.
S 1101. Required obedience to traffic laws. It is unlawful and, unless
otherwise declared in this title with respect to particular offenses, it
is a traffic infraction for any person to do any act forbidden or fail
to perform any act required in this title.
S 1102. Obedience to police officers and flagpersons. No person shall
fail or refuse to comply with any lawful order or direction of any
police officer or flagperson or other person duly empowered to regulate
S 1103. Public officers and employees to obey title; exceptions. (a)
The provisions of this title applicable to the drivers of vehicles upon
the highways shall apply to drivers of all vehicles owned or operated by
the United States, this state, or any county, city, town, district, or
any other political subdivision of the state, except as provided in this
section and subject to such specific exceptions as are set forth in this
title with reference to authorized emergency vehicles.
(b) Unless specifically made applicable, the provisions of this title,
except the provisions of sections eleven hundred ninety-two through
eleven hundred ninety-six of this chapter, shall not apply to persons,
teams, motor vehicles, and other equipment while actually engaged in
work on a highway nor shall the provisions of subsection (a) of section
twelve hundred two apply to hazard vehicles while actually engaged in
hazardous operation on or adjacent to a highway but shall apply to such
persons and vehicles when traveling to or from such hazardous operation.
The foregoing provisions of this subdivision shall not relieve any
person, or team or any operator of a motor vehicle or other equipment
while actually engaged in work on a highway from the duty to proceed at
all times during all phases of such work with due regard for the safety
of all persons nor shall the foregoing provisions protect such persons
or teams or such operators of motor vehicles or other equipment from the
consequences of their reckless disregard for the safety of others.
S 1104. Authorized emergency vehicles. (a) The driver of an authorized
emergency vehicle, when involved in an emergency operation, may exercise
the privileges set forth in this section, but subject to the conditions
(b) The driver of an authorized emergency vehicle may:
1. Stop, stand or park irrespective of the provisions of this title;
2. Proceed past a steady red signal, a flashing red signal or a stop
sign, but only after slowing down as may be necessary for safe
3. Exceed the maximum speed limits so long as he does not endanger
life or property;
4. Disregard regulations governing directions of movement or turning
in specified directions.
(c) Except for an authorized emergency vehicle operated as a police
vehicle or bicycle, the exemptions herein granted to an authorized
emergency vehicle shall apply only when audible signals are sounded from
any said vehicle while in motion by bell, horn, siren, electronic device
or exhaust whistle as may be reasonably necessary, and when the vehicle
is equipped with at least one lighted lamp so that from any direction,
under normal atmospheric conditions from a distance of five hundred feet
from such vehicle, at least one red light will be displayed and visible.
(d) An authorized emergency vehicle operated as a police, sheriff or
deputy sheriff vehicle may exceed the maximum speed limits for the
purpose of calibrating such vehicles` speedometer. Notwithstanding any
other law, rule or regulation to the contrary, a police, sheriff or
deputy sheriff bicycle operated as an authorized emergency vehicle shall
not be prohibited from using any sidewalk, highway, street or roadway
during an emergency operation.
(e) The foregoing provisions shall not relieve the driver of an
authorized emergency vehicle from the duty to drive with due regard for
the safety of all persons, nor shall such provisions protect the driver
from the consequences of his reckless disregard for the safety of
(f) Notwithstanding any other law, rule or regulation to the contrary,
an ambulance operated in the course of an emergency shall not be
prohibited from using any highway, street or roadway; provided, however,
that an authority having jurisdiction over any such highway, street or
roadway may specifically prohibit travel thereon by ambulances if such
authority shall deem such travel to be extremely hazardous and would
endanger patients being transported thereby.
S 1105. Traffic laws apply to persons riding animals or driving
animal-drawn vehicles. Every person riding an animal or driving an
animal-drawn vehicle upon a roadway shall be granted all of the rights
and shall be subject to all of the duties applicable to the driver of a
vehicle by this title, except those provisions of this title which by
their very nature can have no application.